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Mozambique MapMozambique is located on the south-eastern coast of Africa, just to the west of the large island of Madagascar. Separating Madagascar and Mozambique is a section of the Indian Ocean called the Mozambique Channel.
The capital of Mozambique, Maputo, sits in the far south of the country, just north of the borders with Swaziland and South Africa.
There are 10 provinces in Mozambique. From north to south: Cabo Delgado, Niassa, Nampula, Tete, Zambezia, Manica, Sofala, Inhambane, Gaza, and the southern-most Maputo.

Climate:
Tropical to Sub-Tropical (Note that the Tropic of Capricorn runs through the southern end of Mozambique).

Diving Qualifications:
Minimum dive qualification: PADI Open Water Diver equivalent or above, plus current 30 dives. There are areas where training is done but to get the most out of your holiday we recommend that you have some experience under your belt.
Some dive operators offer development courses, such as Nitrox and photography/video. Nitrox is generally available for the suitably qualified. Diving is land-based and ribs are used to go from shore to the dive sites. Both DIN and A-clamp fittings are available.

Water Temperature:
Mozambique - 24oC to 29oC (3mm wetsuit or shortie all year)

Seasons:
In the southern hemisphere, summer time is our winter and vice versa. When is the best time to go? The answer is: it's always a good time to go! For diving, at different times of the year you may see different migrating animals ranging from Whale sharks to Turtles, as well as an abundance of 'usual' reef inhabitants. For safaris, the animals are around all year and the experienced trackers and rangers will be able to guide the game drives to get the most out of your trip.

Recompression Chambers:
South Africa has well-developed medical facilities including recompression chambers at Cape Town, East London and Durban. Mozambique is less developed and diving casualties have to be evacuated to South Africa for treatment. Ensure your diving insurance covers this or think about joining an organisation like DAN (Divers Alert Network).

Security:
Travelling through southern Africa holds no risks if you are sensible. Many people seem to get a 'holiday head' when they go abroad, being careless with their personal belonging and themselves. In general, do not keep large quantities of cash in your wallet/purse (credit cards are widely accepted and bank machines are available so you do not need to take that much cash with you); split cash up and keep it in several places in your luggage; do not wear a lot of expensive jewellery; use lodge safes where available otherwise keep valuables locked in your luggage; don't tell strangers your room number and don't invite strangers into your room; keep to well populated areas, especially after dark.

A rule of thumb is: don't do anything you wouldn't do at home.

Malaria:
Malaria is probably Africa's foremost widely spread disease and in most regions of Africa you should take protective and preventative measures. Particularly when visiting Mozambique and Botswana during the rainy season it is advisable you take some form of prophylactic drugs. Always get the latest advice from your doctor or a Tropical Diseases Hospital at least a month before travel. Whilst there, cover up and use a mosquito repellent between dusk and dawn, and a mosquito net at night.

Travel Insurance:
Always ensure you have a comprehensive travel insurance policy which covers you for repatriation home and if you are diving ensure it covers you to the depths you anticipate diving to. Remember to take copies of your policy together with emergency contact telephone numbers.

Visas (UK passport holders) and departure tax
Botswana: no visa required, passport must be valid for 6 months from date of entry

South Africa: visa obtained on entry (no cost), passport must be valid for period of stay

Zambia: visa required (US$65, cost included in trip to Victoria Falls or visa obtained prior to departure from the UK) plus departure tax of US$20 required (payable at Livingstone airport)

Mozambique: visa required prior to departure from the UK (postal application costs around GB£40 from the Mozambique Embassy in London)

Have 2 clear pages for visa / temporary permit / stamps in your passport and make sure it is valid for travel. As a general rule we recommend your passport should be valid for at least 6 months from the date of travel.

Currency:
South Africa: 1 South African Rand = 100 cents

Botswana: 1 Pula = 100 Thebe

Zambia: Restricted, currency can only be bought at the border or in the country although South African Rand and US$ are widely accepted, even at the local craft markets

Mozambique: Restricted, currency can only be bought at the border or in the country although South African Rand is widely accepted